While starting an orchard may seem as simple as planting a few rows of trees and waiting for harvest season, it is more complicated than that. Anyone who wants to plant an orchard must figure out the reason, location and variety of trees involved before buying a single plant.
- Determine the Reason
Planting an orchard can be a great way to guarantee a seasonal supply of fresh fruits or nuts. However, the size and location of the orchard will depend on whether or not the crops will be providing for a single household or a surplus is needed to sell at local farmers markets. Planting an orchard with the hopes of starting a company will involve filing business paperwork and potential talks with an agricultural lawyer West Des Moines IA to assist with any issues.
- Choose a Location
The climate, soil type, sunlight levels and average annual rainfall all play a role in what types of trees can be grown and how large crops will be. The ideal location will provide ample sun, precipitation and contain the right type of soil for the desired trees. Pollinators, like bees and other insects, should be abundant to ensure adequate crops. If possible, visit multiple potential locations to find the best option available.
- Select the Right Trees
Trees can be expensive, and although it may be tempting to purchase only items that are on sale, that is often a mistake. Choosing the right trees is important, as some varieties are able to self-pollinate, while others require nearby trees to cross-pollinate with. Research the available varieties carefully to fully understand the pros and cons before making a purchase.
An orchard that has been planned out in advance to suit the household’s needs will likely thrive, while a haphazardly planted, ill-planned orchard will probably have a lot of problems. Knowing exactly what, where, when and how to plant the trees will help ensure maximum yield and enjoyment.